Indoor gardens, terrariums, and macramé have made a comeback. Gardeners of all ages have been rediscovering the pleasure and beauty of growing greenery indoors. And like gardening outside, you will find tending indoor plants helps decrease strain and elevate your mood. Hieta garden think that growing houseplants also helps improve indoor air quality.
Research from NASA along with the Associated Landscape Contractors of America (currently the National Association of Landscape Professionals) has proven that houseplants and the potting mix they grow in will help eliminate air pollutants such as volatile organic chemicals found in houses and office buildings.
Keep Plants Healthy with Minimal Care
Successful indoor gardening starts with proper plant selection and continues with appropriate care. Once you get started you might just be surprised by how easy it’s to grow an indoor garden.
Select plants that match the growing conditions such as light and humidity, in addition to your schedule. Keep in mind trees from the yard, awnings over windows and sheers reduce the light your indoor plants receive. Look at moving plants into a sunnier south window during the shorter gray days of winter. And try rotating plants between bright and low light conditions every couple weeks.
If your plants are struggling because of limited light, look at investing in energy efficient full spectrum LED lighting. There are now more affordable and stylish lighting options out there.
Keep maintenance requirements in mind when selecting plants. Cacti and succulents are fantastic for busy people with a great deal of light.
Water indoor plants completely and as needed. Frequency will vary with the plant, growing conditions, and potting mix. Use your finger as a moisture meter. Poke it in the top inch or two of potting mix. After the potting mix is about the consistency of a damp sponge it’s time to water many tropical crops. Permit cacti and succulents to go a bit dryer. It is best to err on the side of less frequent watering for these drought-tolerant plants. You will need to water and fertilize plants growing in low light not as often.
When the potting mix becomes too dry it is frequently difficult to rewet. Simply place your houseplant at a container of warm water until the potting mix is thoroughly moistened.
Shortly you will have the ability to abandon the finger test for visual clues. Water plants once the leaves seem a little less perky, not yet wilting, and also a little off color. Or use the elevator test. You’ll find the pot will be much lighter as soon as the plant is in need of water.
Create a humid environment for your tropical plants. Place them onto a gravel tray to increase humidity, prevent root rot and decrease your workload. Place pebbles in a saucer or other shallow container. Set your plant on top of the pebbles. When you water thoroughly the excess water collects from the pebbles along with the pot rests safely over the water. This removes the need to pour off the excess water and prevents root rot that happens when plants sit at a water-filled saucer. And since the water evaporates it raises humidity around the plant.
Group your plants together for simpler maintenance, higher humidity, and added beauty. As a single plant transpires (loses moisture out of the leaves) its neighbors will benefit from the increase in humidity.
Fertilizing Indoor Plants
Fertilize based on plant need and your garden goals. Plants with light and stunted leaves could be in need of a nutrient increase. Fertilize more frequently when trying to stimulate faster growth.
Recently bought houseplants will not have to be fertilized for several months. Most have been fed with a slow release fertilizer. Many planting combinations contain fertilizer that supplies months of nutrients to your plants.
Always read the label before fertilizing. Consider starting with a dilute solution, about half the recommended rate. See how your crops respond. You can always add more but you cannot take extra fertilizer from the ground. Restrict fertilization to actively growing crops. This is generally March through November for many indoor gardens.
Milorganite is safe to use on crops but most people don’t like the earthy smell in their home. And pet owners may find their pets digging at the Milorganite fertilized plants. If you decide to apply this slow release fertilizer indoors, work it into the top couple inches of potting mix to help conceal the smell.
Keep Children and Pets Safe when Gardening Indoors
Grow plants in hanging baskets or put on high shelves. Teach children to never consume any part of a plant, either indoors or outside, without speaking to a trusted and knowledgeable adult .
Select pet-friendly houseplants like African violet, Christmas cactus, infant tears, prayer plant, spider plant, snake plant, and coleus. Visit the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals site (ASPCA.org) and talk to your pediatrician for a more complete collection of plants that are safe.
Create a list of those plants you’re growing. If a child or pet ingests one and you are worried about poisoning, you will have the necessary information for your doctor or vet.
Moving Plants to a Larger Container
Over time your plants can outgrow their container. Pot bound houseplants often have stunted development and water passes quickly through the root filled soil. Hieta garden usually choose some big terrazzo pots, terracotta pots or ceramic pots, all of them is good for your plants.
Have a look at the roots before moving your plant into a larger container. If roots fill out the soil or circle around the root ball, then now is the time to move the plants to a bigger container.
Pick a container with drainage holes only one no more than two inches larger in diameter. Add a little soil to the base of the kettle so that your houseplant will probably be growing at the same depth as it had been before. Slice through or tease apart any circling roots. Circling roots left unchecked will continue to ring the pot and eventually strangle the plant. Fill the area around the roots with well-drained potting mix and water completely.
The additional potting mix will hold moisture longer so that you usually will need to water less often.
Root pruning is an alternative to moving plants to a larger container. Even though somewhat insecure, this may be the only solution for gardeners that lack the distance, bigger containers or strength to maneuver massive plants to the next size pot. Trim about a inch of roots from the bottom and around the sides of the main ball. Insert fresh potting soil around the root ball so that the plant is growing in the exact same depth as before. Water thoroughly and if the top few inches of soil are slightly moist. Await the plants to completely recover before fertilizing.
Move recently transplanted houseplants to a bright location out of direct sunlight. Water completely as needed. In a couple weeks, move them back to their permanent location.
Now’s a great time to get started or to expand your own indoor garden. Garden centers and wineries are selling a larger variety of plants so you’re guaranteed to find just the perfect one or ones for your house.